Part of the appeal of CrossFit is the camaraderie that’s forged in the furnace of doing a brutally hard workout together. You may not get that from a unaccompanied run-through of a CrossFit WOD (workout of the day) – but the good news is you will still get the physical benefits of the workout when flying solo.

CrossFit WODs are incredibly varied but there are themes that run through most of them. The most obvious is that you’ll be doing high amounts of reps of a handful of exercises at speed, but to help you get to grips with the lingo we’ve detailed six types below.

CrossFit WODs are also often named after women, like storms – apparently because they will leave your body feeling like a storm has hit it. This doesn’t make sense, but let’s live and let live… the workouts are hard, that’s all you need to know. Get to know six of the most popular WODs further down this page. 

RECOMMENDED: Crossfit for Beginners

Six Types Of CrossFit Workouts

Here are six of the most popular types of CrossFit workouts you can use to break up the monotony of body-part splits and make you a more rounded athlete.

1. EMOM

Stands for “every minute on the minute”. Start a running clock and do a set number of reps at regular intervals, typically (but not necessarily, despite the name) at the start of each minute. The EMOM workout scrutinises your powers of recovery.

Workout: Three clean and jerks every minute for 10 minutes

2. AMRAP

“As many rounds as possible”. Complete a given exercise combination as many times as you can within a given time. It’s a battle of mind over searing muscle.

Workout: 12 minutes of eight front squats and eight push presses

3. RFT

“Rounds for time” means completing a given number of rounds of a circuit as fast as possible. The short rest periods help develop long-lasting muscle endurance.

Workout: Eight rounds of 15 kettlebell swings, 10 kettlebell clean and presses and 5 kettlebell snatches

4. Chipper

A one-round series of exercises, usually with high reps, to be completed in the fastest time possible. A high-volume, muscle-building grind.

Workout: 100 press-ups, 75 bodyweight squats, 50 burpees, 25 pull-ups

5. Ladder

One or more movements, increasing or decreasing the workload over time.

Workout: 1-10 reps of goblet squats superset with 10-1 reps of pull-ups

RECOMMENDED: 15-Minute Kettlebell Ladder Workout 

6. Tabata

Do eight rounds of high-intensity intervals, alternating 20 seconds effort with 10 seconds rest. A fat-eviscerating finisher.

Workout: 8x Tabata rows for max distance

RECOMMENDED: Tabata Training Circuit

Six Popular CrossFit WODs

We’ve included recommended weights, but it’s wise to do a trial run with a much lighter weight so you don’t do yourself a mischief. It’ll still be hard.

Fran

A CrossFit classic, Fran is a great workout to revisit periodically in the hope that you will improve your time as you get fitter. Fran consists of just two exercises – thrusters (recommended weight 95lb/40-45kg) and pull-ups. You do 21 reps of each, then 15 reps, then nine, as fast as you can. Finishing in under six minutes deserves a pat on the back – don’t attempt this yourself because you may start to panic when you realise you can’t raise your arms.

Karen

Even simpler than Fran, there’s only one exercise in the Karen WOD. Unfortunately that exercise is wall balls, and you’ll be doing 150 of them as fast as you can. Grab a 20lb/9kg medicine ball and face your wall. Aim to throw it above the 10ft mark (which you’ll find in most CrossFit gyms) with each rep. Anything under ten minutes would be a great effort first time out. As with all CrossFit workouts, take as many breaks as you need – just remember that they count towards your overall time.

Helen

The Helen WOD is a combination of cardio and strength work. Start with a 400m run, then do 21 kettlebell swings (weight 53lb/24kg) and finish with 12 pull-ups. Then do it again, and then again. Three rounds in total. Finishing all three rounds in under 12 minutes is a solid effort.

Eva

If you thought the Helen workout sounded hard, you might as well skip even reading this one. Eva takes the same exercises as Helen but ramps up the distance, weight and reps to create an absolutely brutal circuit. For starters you’re doing five rounds, instead of three. Those rounds involve an 800m run, 30 kettlebell swings (weight 70lb/31-32kg) and 30 pull-ups. In theory you’re doing this all as fast as possible but it’s fair to say if you complete this one at all, you’ve done yourself proud.

Murph

Clear your schedule, this one will take some time. The five steps in the Murph WOD are as follows: one-mile run, 100 pull-ups, 200 press-ups, 300 air squats, one-mile run. This one is definitely a marathon, not a sprint. Murph is what’s known as a Hero WOD, named in honour of Lt Michael P Murphy, a Navy SEAL killed in action in 2005.

Cindy

Rather than aiming to complete the required reps as quickly as possible, the Cindy WOD always lasts exactly 20 minutes. In those 20 minutes you do repeated circuits of five pull-ups, ten press-ups and 15 air squats. Over and over again. Hit 15 rounds and we’ll give you a round of applause – 20 gets you a standing O.

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